The Big Dog is Back

Tennessee Army National Guard Represents America’s Resolve to Ensure Eastern Europe’s Security

Tennessee Adjutant General MG Terry Haston was stationed near the Berlin Wall in 1989, when the wall came tumbling down. He said his State’s current presence in Eastern Europe is not the same as it was for the American military in 1989, but it serves a similar purpose—to deter Russian aggression.

“I believe that our people are a visual deterrent,” said MG Haston. “Sometimes, a big dog chained up in the backyard has a tendency to keep the burglars away. I think that’s what this deployment is.”

278th Armored Cavalry Regiment’s SGT Ryan Duginski, M1 Abrams Tank master gunner, assigned to Battle Group Poland, performs a remote-fire procedure to test the vehicle’s proper firing capabilities at Bemowo Piskie Training Area, Poland, during the 278th’s deployment to Poland in support of NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence. Tennessee Army National Guard photo by 1LT Christina Shoptaw

According to MG Haston, several hundred Tennessee Army National Guard Soldiers are currently serving in Ukraine—mostly from the regimental headquarters of the 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR)—to command the Joint Multinational Training Group-Ukraine. Several hundred more Soldiers from the 278th’s Task Force Raider are in country heading up Battle Group Poland (BGPOL)—part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)’s Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP). 


Task Force Raider assumed control of BGPOL in September of 2018. In doing so, the unit is the first U.S. armored task force to provide a military presence along the eastern border of Poland while working under NATO. 

“Our presence strengthens the defensive capability within Poland,” said LTC Donny Hebel, commander of the Tennessee Army National Guard’s 2nd Squadron, 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment (Task Force Raider), during an interview with Army reporters, “[It] is evidence of continued U.S. commitment to NATO, as well as to the deterrence of [foreign] aggression. 

LTC Matthew Smith of the Tennessee Army National Guard briefs a Ukrainian soldier, via an interpreter, during Exercise Rapid Trident 18 held at the Yavoriv Combat Training Center, Ukraine. Tennessee Army National Guard photo by SGT Timothy Massey

BGPOL is comprised of soldiers from Croatia, Romania, the United Kingdom and the United States, all serving with the Polish 15th Mechanized Brigade as a unified defense and deterrence force in northeast Poland. 

“The United States has not had heavy forces this far [into] Europe since November of 1989,” emphasized MG Haston at the 278th’s transition ceremony when they took command of BGPOL last September. “We are bringing a lot of disciplined firepower here to Poland. This mission shows that we have not taken our eye off of our Eastern European allies. We are here in defense and deterrence against Russian provocation; it simply will not be taken lightly.” 

Soldiers on the ground offered a similar sentiment when speaking about the deployment. SPC Graham Binkley, a Dismounted Team Leader with Third Platoon, E Company of the 278th, echoed MG Haston’s remarks and noted a secondary objective.

Ukrainian soldiers operate in a contact zone during a combat tactics exercise at the International Peacekeeping and Security Center in Yavoriv, Ukraine, as part of Exercise Rapid Trident, September, 2018. California Army National Guard photo by SPC Amy Carle

“Our primary mission here is to be a deterrent,” he said. “Unfortunately, it’s difficult to measure what doesn’t happen, but I’m confident our presence makes any potential aggressors think twice. Our secondary mission is to continue to honor our NATO commitment and continue to foster goodwill.”

Increasing interoperability is a major initiative on the agenda. “Every deployment results in not one, but two gains for the Joint Force,” said Chief of the National Guard Bureau Gen Joseph Lengyel during a visit with the 278th last Christmas season at BGPOL. “The obvious gain is the mission gets accomplished. But also, with each deployment, we build readiness and lethality, a key objective of our National Defense Strategy.”

As far as training goes, MG Haston said, it comes close to being an ideal situation. “While they’re training, it’s been a very valuable experience,” he commented. “I’ve talked to several leaders there, and they say this is the best training we’ve ever had. It’s like what Soldiering should be.”


In Ukraine, the 278th is assisting in the military training of Ukrainian forces as part of Joint Multinational Training Group-Ukraine (JMTG-U). This multilateral group is led by the Combat Training Center (CTC) branch, which is comprised of units from Canada, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine and the United States. JMTG-U is working to build up the training capabilities of the Yavoriv Combat Training Center. Over the years, several Army National Guard units have helped man JMTG-U, including troops from California, New York, Oklahoma and currently, Tennessee.

“All international units stationed in Ukraine are tasked with enhancing the capabilities of the training site, with the purpose of assisting the Ukraine military to create a sustainable training program for combat units,” said the 278th’s 2LT Richard Mayfield, who is serving as a mentor while stationed at the Yavoriv CTC.

SGT Burton Holloway of Tennessee’s 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment demonstrates room clearing procedures as part of a training event at the Yavoriv Combat Training Center, Ukraine, November 2018. Tennessee Army National Guard photo by SGT Timothy Massey

At the CTC, a team of Ukrainian observer controller-trainers (OC-Ts) lead the training of rotational brigades of Ukrainian soldiers. The international Soldiers serve as mentors to the Ukrainian OC-Ts.

“The Ukraine military looks to us as an important support to what they are trying to do. We assist by means of coaching and teaching standards and best practices,” noted 2LT Mayfield. “A lot of our current focus is on troop leading procedures, orders production and military standards. I have always wanted to be in a position to teach and coach, and this is certainly a chance to do that.” 

While it may be the U.S. Soldiers who are responsible for the day-to-day training of the OC-Ts, the benefits of the resulting interoperability are as significant for those mentors as they are for the Ukrainian student-Soldiers.

A NATO linguist translates for 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment Soldiers, 1LT Logan Shrum (second left) and 1LT Cruz Tomblin (far right) as they speak with a Ukrainian soldier during training at the Yavoriv Combat Training Center, Ukraine in November, 2018. Tennessee Army National Guard photo by SGT Timothy Massey

“Whether the Ukrainian OC-Ts are riding atop mechanized vehicles or walking alongside the training units during their tactical movements, you can usually find a U.S. mentor right there with them, regardless of rain, sleet or snow,” said 1LT Logan Shrum of the 278th, who is also assigned as a mentor at the Yavoriv CTC.

 “They say that adversity tends to build comradery,” 1LT Shrum continued. “The adverse conditions under which the Ukrainian forces train certainly show that to be true. I consider many of Ukraine’s OC-Ts, whom we work closely with, to be valued friends and partners.”

Last fall, the members of the 278th stationed at the Yavoriv CTC assisted in the multilateral training, Exercise Rapid Trident. Held at the International Peacekeeping and Security Center, also located in Yavoriv, Rapid Trident is an annual, two-week exercise that was created to enhance joint combined interoperability across allied and partner nations of Ukraine. The event primarily concentrates on defensive operations including command post and field training exercises. 

Tennessee Soldier SPC Jesus Guerrero, a Soldier assigned to Battle Group Poland’s Task Force Raider, reassembles an AK-47 rifle during a Polish “Tactical Loop” Uniformed Maneuver Competition, in Rajgród, Poland. Tennessee Army National Guard photo by SGT Sarah Kirby

COL Timothy Cleveland, deputy commander for the 278th ACR, told Soldiers at the opening ceremony:

“During the exercise, units will have to overcome the opposing forces, time, the elements and their own tendencies in order to be victorious. In a world of constant conflict, nations are not alone, and Rapid Trident affirms this fact with 13 guest nations participating at all levels of the exercise from opposing forces to instructors and observers.”

Rapid Trident also serves as the validation exercise for Ukrainian units that have completed a rotation at the Yavoriv CTC. During the event, exercises are completed only by the Ukrainian troops who are being observed for validation, while the international troops serve in support roles to include trainers, observers and mentors. The 2018 event hosted 2,200 participants from 14 nations— Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, Georgia, Germany, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States. Training events included a brigade-level computer-assisted command post exercise, situational training lanes and a live-play field training exercise.

Soldiers with “Gunslinger” G Troop, 2nd Squadron, 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment, operate an Abrams Tank, January, 2019, as part of training during Operation Raider Lightning, a winter operations training event conducted while the 278th was deployed to Poland. Tennessee Army National Guard photo by SGT Arturo Guzman

“There is a tremendous amount of benefit for National Guard units to come over to Europe,” said U.S. Army Europe’s Army National Guard Deputy Commanding General MG John Gronski during a visit to the 2018 iteration of Rapid Trident. “First, it’s important to develop those strong relationships with our allies and partners. Second, when National Guard units come to Europe and participate in exercises, they build a tremendous amount of readiness and it gives them an opportunity like no other training area does to train alongside allies and partners.” 

Always Ready

The work being done by Tennessee Army National Guard troops as part JMTG-U, BGPOL and at exercises such as Rapid Trident all point to the fact that the United States remains committed to the defense of Eastern Europe. It is a commitment that has existed since World War II and remains strong today.

A Soldier from Tennessee Army National Guard’s 278th Task Force Raider assigned to Battle Group Poland participates in Operation Raider Thunder, a company team-level live-fire exercise, while deployed in support of NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence. Tennessee Army National Guard photo by SGT Arturo Guzman

“You can’t pay for the kind of relationships being built soldier-to-soldier right here,” Gen Lengyel said. “This is the kind of exchange that cements enduring partnerships with our allies at the deepest level, through individual relationships at every rank.”

By Staff Writer Matthew Liptak

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